Sunday, 21 June 2015

Low Back Pain Causes And Treatment

Low Back Pain Causes And Treatment
Low back pain is a usual symptom among the modern civilised people. It affects mainly the middle aged and young adults of both sexes. People who work on the chair with out exercise and those who carry heavy loads regularly are prone to get this complaint.

We can hardly find a person who has not suffered from back pain at least once in life. The causes of low back pain ranges from simple reasons like muscular strain to cancer of spine and hence backache should not be ignored.

The pain is felt in lumbar and sacral region and may radiate to nearby sites.

The following are some causes for backache
1) Backache due to diseases in the back
2) Backache due to gynaecological problems
3) Backache due to problems in other parts of the body

1) Backache due to diseases in the back:
   
a) Injuries:
1) Compression fracture of the vertebral column
2) Rupture of intervertebral discs
3) Injuries to ligaments and muscles of back
4) Lumbosacral strain
5) Intervertebral joint injuries
6) Fracture of processes of vertebra

b) Functional backache due to imbalance:
1) During pregnancy
2) Pot belly
3) Diseases of the hip joint
4) Curvature in the spine due to congenital defect
5) Short leg in one side
 
c) Backache due to inflammatory conditions:
1) Infection of the bone due to bacteria
2) Tuberculosis of the spine
3) Arthritis
4) Brucellosis
5) Lumbago or fibrositis
6) Inflamation of the muscles
7) Anchylosing spondylitis

d) Backache due to degenerative diseases in the back
1) Osteoarthritis
2) Osteoporosis in old people
3) Degenaration of the intervertebral disc

e) Tumour in the spine:
1) Primory tumour of the bones in the spine
2) Metastatic tumours from other sites like prostate, lungs, kidneys, intestine etc.

2) Backache due to gynaecological problems:
a) After childbirth
b) After gynaecological operations
c) Prolapse of the uterus
d) Pelvic inflammatory diseases
e) Cancerous lesions of the pelvic organs
f) Endometriosis.

3) Backache due to problems in other parts of the body
a) Renal stones
b) Ureteric stone
c) Cancer of prostate
d) Pancreatitis
e) Biliary stones
f) Peptic ulcer
g) Inflammations of pelvic organs
h) Occlusion of aorta and iliac arteries

Investigation of a case of backache:
1) Complete blood count
2) Routine urine examination
3) Ultrasonography of the abdomen and pelvis
4) X-ray of the lumbar and sacral region
5) MRI of the spine
5) CT scan of abdomen and pelvic region
6) Examination of rectum, prostate, genito urinary organs

Treatment of backache:
1) Removing the cause for backache
2) Symptomatic treatment
2) Back exercises
3) Traction
3) Yoga
5) Surgery
7) Homoeopathy
Extenze

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Physical Fitness And Health

Physical fitness is a general state of health and well-being and more specifically, the ability to perform aspects of sports or occupations. Physical fitness is generally achieved through correct nutrition, moderate-vigorous physical activity, exercise and rest. It is a set of attributes or characteristics seen in people and which relate to the ability to perform a given set of physical activities.

Before the industrial revolution, fitness was the capacity to carry out the day's activities without undue fatigue. However with automation and changes in lifestyles physical fitness is now considered a measure of the body's ability to function efficiently and effectively in work and leisure activities, to be healthy, to resist hypokinetic diseases, and to meet emergency situations.

Fitness is defined as the quality of being suitable to perform a particular task. Modern definition of fitness describe either a person or machine's ability to perform a specific function or a holistic definition of human adaptability to cope with various situations.

 
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